"The survey included 83 questions covering 115 parameters that define the functioning policy framework of the 21 select cities."
New Delhi, June 6 - Major Indian cities fared badly in urban governance standard, and scored in a range of 2.5 to 4.0 on 10, much below the score of London and New York - 9.6 and 9.3, a survey revealed Friday.
A total of 21 cities, including the national capital and several state capitals, were surveyed by the Janaagraha Centre for Citizenship & Democracy Jan-May 2014. London and New York were the only two cities surveyed outside India to set a benchmark.
Interestingly, Kolkata - perceived to be haphazard - ranks no.1 in urban planning with a score of 4, thanks to its institutionalized mayoral system.
According to the 2nd edition of the report, 'Annual Survey of India's City-System', which was released Friday, well planned Chandigarh scores the lowest due to its poor legal framework.
It (Chandigarh) lacks a contemporary planning act, public disclosure law and community participation law, the report said.
The national capital - Delhi - stands fifth with an overall score of 3.6 on 10.
The survey included 83 questions covering 115 parameters that define the functioning policy framework of the 21 select cities.
It evaluated the city on four aspects which were urban planning and design, urban capacities and resources, empowered and legitimate political representation and transparency, accountability and participation.